Category: Health

Understanding Oncology: Know Your Doctor

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The nearest I have felt to God is in the face of doctors who have saved me from illnesses. Physical inconvenience, even a slight one, can cause a havoc in our lives. A condition as intense as a tumour/cancer where even the treatment comes with many side-effects becomes a very serious issue.

Fighting cancer is one of the hardest situations that one can face but that is not a reason big enough to give up on life. Researchers are putting in a lot of efforts to discover cures for this fatal disease, doctors are putting their hard work and knowledge into treating this condition as efficiently as they can, and families are doing their best to care for their diseased loved ones. Hence, it becomes the responsibility of the patient to believe that good things are waiting after this battle and keep up with their fight strongly.

A lot of problems emerge from the half-knowledge what most of us possess, who are not educated in the medical field. A kid fighting cancer still laughs and jokes on his good days, but a grown up is not able to feel better even when he is not in pain. The reason being, the kid is ignorant of his condition knowing only the pain he has to go through, which he is able to overcome whenever the inconvenience reduces. However, an adult understands the severity of the condition, but only half. This half-knowledge also translates to half-trust in his wellbeing, only a half-belief that one day he will be hearty and healthy again. And very often what you don’t believe in, you won’t have.

We can’t be all professionals, but we can put efforts to understand our disease and treatment to deal with the condition more logically. When the disease strikes you the first thing you are likely to do is to search for the best oncologist in Chennai. So here’s a guide of different types of oncologists so that you know your doctor when you meet him/her:

Medical Oncologist Uses chemotherapy and/or drugs (targeted therapy) to treat the cancer.
Radiation Oncologist Uses radiation therapy to treat cancer.
Surgical Oncologist Performs biopsies where he/she removes a small amount of tissue for examination under a microscope, to diagnose cancer. The oncologist surgically removes the tumour and nearby tissue to treat cancer.
Gynaecologic Oncologist Treats gynaecologic cancers like cervical cancer and uterine cancer.
Haematologist Oncologist Treats blood cancers like leukaemia, lymphoma, and myeloma.
Paediatric Oncologist Treats cancer in children.

 

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4 Foods To Avoid With IBS

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Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a type of gastrointestinal disorder that affects many people across the globe. It is an illness that can debilitate normal functioning of your life. There are different forms of this syndrome, and so far an exact cause for this disease hasn’t been established. However, IBS is characterized by a cluster of symptoms that are a result of a hampered functioning of the digestive system. These symptoms include cramping, abdominal pains, bloating, irregular bowel habits, and food intolerance.

It may not be life-threatening disease but it is a long-lasting one that severely affects your life. If left untreated, it can cause hours of misery and pain to the patient. If you notice any symptom, consult a gastroenterologist and get yourself checked. There are many reputed hospitals that provide excellent treatment for gastrointestinal disorders in Bangalore. However, some of the symptoms may be triggered by the food you eat. By avoiding these foods, you may experience improved digestion, less pain and bloating:

  • Insoluble fibre

While fibre is extremely healthy for your body, it should be taken in balance. Fibre tolerance varies in different people, but products with high insoluble fibre content may cause diarrhoea in people who have IBS. Insoluble fibre is high in foods such as wheat bran and whole, legumes, root vegetables, fruits like berries, mangoes, and grapefruits.

  • Gluten

Gluten is a type of protein that many people are not aware of. Gluten causes an allergic reaction to many people suffering from IBS. This condition is known as celiac disease, a type of autoimmune disease. Grains like wheat, rye, barley, contain gluten and should not be ingested in heavy quantities. Lucky for gluten intolerant people there are plenty of products in the market which come without the dreaded protein. Stick to gluten-free substitutes for your favourite foods like pizza, cookies, and cakes.

  • Fried foods

Frying food can alter the chemical makeup of the food item and make it difficult to digest. The high fat content in fried foods also affects your digestion, especially for people who have IBS. Try healthier cooking options like grilling or baking.

  • Beans and legumes: Beans are generally a healthy food option with a good quantity of protein and fibre. However, beans and legumes increase gas, bloating, constipations and cramps. So if you’re suffering from IBS, avoid having too much beans in your diet.

Coronary Bypass Grafting: Here’s everything you need to know

Image result for Coronary Bypass Grafting: Here’s everything you need to knowPopularly known as bypass or heart bypass surgery, coronary bypass grafting surgery is performed to ease the person from the symptoms of blocked coronary artery and in order to restore the effective blood supply to the heart. In this procedure, a vessel from the other part of the body is harvested and grafted over the blocked coronary artery. Thereby, this creates a bypass route of blood through occluded coronary artery, and thus, restores the blood supply to the heart. CABG is the shortened name for coronary artery bypass grafting.

  • Who needs the CABG surgery?Coronary artery bypass grafting is used to treat the people suffering from the following heart diseases:
  • Coronary Artery Disease: This includes two coronary artery diseases: Atherosclerosis, which is characterized by the formation of yellowish plagues of cholesterol inside the lumen of the artery and Arteriosclerosis, the hardening, thickening and loss of elasticity of the walls of arteries.
  • Ventricular dysfunction: Coronary bypass grafting is also done in patients who have developed muscular weakening of the left ventricle, which causes a decrease in the ejection fraction of heart.
  • Heart Attack: Some times, CABG surgery is performed as an emergency procedure in the patients with sudden fatal cardiac arrest (heart attack).
  • Restenosis of coronary artery: CABG is the only treatment in patients with the signs of restenosis of the coronary artery.
  • What are the procedures for a coronary artery bypass surgery?

The most common procedures used for coronary artery bypass surgery are:

  • Conventional CABG: This is basically an open heart surgery done under general anesthesia. During this surgery, the surgeon makes 6-8 inches of incision on sternum in order to reach patient’s heart and thereafter, the heart is stopped and the patient is put on the heart-lung bypass machine. The surgeon then grafts an apt vessel over the occluded coronary artery.
  • Off-pump CABG: This surgery is performed in a similar way as that of conventional bypass surgery. The patient is not put directly on bypass machine, rather drugs are given that usually slow down the heartbeat and graft is implanted on functioning heart.
  • Minimally invasive heart surgery: This is the most advanced CABG. The chest is not opened, rather a 3-inch incision is made through which the interior of the chest is visualized on the monitor and grafting is performed.

Besides, CABG in India is quite affordable as compared to the other developing nations. There are several renowned hospitals, such as Apollo Hospitals that are considered as one of the best heart hospitals in India in terms of CABG surgery.

Everything you need to know about Cardiac Arrhythmia

Image result for Cardiac ArrhythmiaOur heart is much like an electric bulb. When it’s new and healthy it has more than enough energy to sustain for a long time. Therefore, you use it and abuse it until it starts to give way. When you see the bulb flicker irregularly, you know you are in trouble. Just like this, our hearts are initially strong and healthy. Over a period of time, with our stressful lifestyles and questionable consumption habits, its power and vigour start to fade. The sporadic flickering of the blub, at times too fast and at times too slow is a sign of caution. If you experience these patterns in your heart beat, it is a cause of concern.

Image result for Cardiac ArrhythmiaIn medical terms, the occurrence of an irregular heartbeat is known as cardiac arrhythmia. When the electric impulses of the heart cease to function properly, it is a serious condition. Considering that this is a grave ailment and needs professional treatment you should not make any compromises. India has advanced medically therefore; you can find the best heart hospital in Hyderabad, Bangalore and Delhi. These hospitals have experienced doctors who specialise in heart surgeries and procedures. You can be rest assured that you receive treatment from the best of the best.

For any questions you may have about cardiac arrhythmia, we are here to solve your queries:

Causes – Some of the main causes of cardiac arrhythmia are hypertension, valvular heart disease, tumours, alcohol abuse, smoking and stressful modern lifestyles.

There are certain substances that can aggravate irregular heartbeats. These substances are:

  • Caffeine
  • Tobacco
  • Alcohol
  • Cough and cold medication
  • Psychotropic drugs
  • Beta-blockers for high blood pressure

Diagnosis – In order to do a proper diagnosis, the doctors may require you to take a couple of tests. These tests are:

  • Echocardiogram/Electrocardiogram
  • Electrophysiology Studies – this helps to determine the origin of the rhythm disorder better.

Treatment – There are multiple treatments available for arrhythmia. Depending on the severity of your disease, treatment is recommended. You can either have prescribed medication, medical procedures or surgeries. If the symptoms are serious, such as chest pain, dizziness or fainting then you may also need surgery.

Equipment Used – The pacemaker is the medical equipment used to regulate your heartbeat. It sends electric pulses to your heart to speed it up in case the rhythm is too slow and vice versa. It can also adjust your heart rate according to your physical activity level. Traditional pacemakers are placed in the patient’s chest with leads running right through to the heart. However, there is a mini pacemaker, which is directly inserted into the heart. The mini pacemakers are less invasive, self-contained and smaller.

Four Myths On Bariatric Surgery Busted!

You will agree with me when I say Indians are a bit on the heavier side. Thanks to our diversity and love for food, we grew up surrounded with dishes rich in calories.

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According to a report in The Quint, every one out of five adults in India is overweight. While people know the dangers of obesity, they aren’t able to give up on their sweets and calorie-rich foods. They work out and then eat unhealthy and junk food. You can’t have your cake and eat it too.

Unable to keep a control on their tongues and not having enough will power to hit the gym daily; people choose the best alternative—bariatric surgery. The urban metros of Mumbai, Bangalore, and Delhi have some of the best bariatric surgery hospitals in India.

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However, bariatric surgery has got a bad rap, thanks to uninformed reportage and by people who are apprehensive about this procedure. Today, we clear the air and myths about bariatric surgery, Read on.

  1. Bariatric surgery is a high-risk procedure

No, bariatric surgery carries the same risk as other routine procedures. The procedure is given the go ahead after extensive assessments and minimally invasive techniques such as laparoscopy are used.

  1. Bariatric surgery and liposuction are the same.

A myth. Bariatric surgery’s aim is to produce hormonal changes in the body that reduce the appetite. A liposuction is a cosmetic procedure that removes fat from different parts of the body using a tube and suction device.

  1. Bariatric surgery is successful only because people can’t eat normally after a surgical procedure.

Incorrect, a bariatric surgery reduces your appetite. Patients can go back to their regular diet after the surgery. You can easily go back to your ‘daal chawal’ and ‘roti sabzi’ but at decreased quantities, that’s all.

  1. Bariatric surgery offers no benefits as compared to benefits of natural weight loss

Untrue. Apart from initiating a weight loss of 60% or more, bariatric surgery offers others benefits such as:

  • Helps people with Type 2 diabetes as post-procedure, they are in remission.
  • Improves cardiovascular health.
  • Reduces joint pain prevalent in obese people.

Bariatric surgery is a medically proven way for people to lose weight and is a regular procedure amongst most countries in the world. We hope these four points helped you learn the reality of this procedure and not believe the myths.

5 Ways to keep your Heart Smiling

In the frenzied lifestyle that most of us lead today, it is absolutely essential to take care of the one organ that keeps us going. Our heart that runs along with us just as we do should not be taken good care of. Some of the activities such as eating junk food, long work hours, drinking, smoking, makes the heart prone to various diseases. Did you know that the human heart beats about 2.5 billion times during an average time span of 66 years? Such functioning certainly requires enough nourishment. Here are a few easy ways to keep your heart, strong and healthy.

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Stress

Each time that we take stress, it leads to induced heart rate and an increase in blood pressure. This results in additional demand for oxygen which can lead to chest pain. Therefore, it is important not to take stress and learn how to manage it.

Weight

Keep your weight under check as extra weight can increase cholesterol level, risk of artery disease, diabetes, and blood pressure. Therefore, keep your Body Mass Index to the optimal levels.

Healthy Diet

The best way to keep your heart healthy is to be aware of what is on your plate. Consume fresh fruits, green leafy vegetables, and whole grains. Do not eat anything that is fried or oily in nature. Eat around 30gms of raw garlic every day.

Exercise

It is absolutely essential to exercise every single day to keep your heart healthy. Ensure that you engage in some form of physical activity for 30 minutes-45 minutes. It helps lower blood pressure and keeps arteries flexible.

No alcohol, no smoke

There is nothing better than keeping smoking and alcohol consumption at bay when it comes to one’s health. They only disrupt the smooth functioning of the heart and can trigger blood pressure levels, lead to irregular heart beat and strokes.

There are a number of doctors in India who are known for their expertise in cardiology. For further advice on heart related condition and wellness, you can now consult Dr S K Gupta, famous cardiologist in Delhi at Apollo Hospitals. Stay healthy, stay happy!